Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was born to a Muslim family in the village of Tungipara of Gopalganj sub-division under Faridpur district on March 17, 1920. ... His father Sheikh Lutfor Rahman and his mother Mosammot Sayera Khatun had four daughters and two sons. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was their third child. His parents used to adoringly call him "Khoka". As a teen, he possessed a special love for football. A talented and renowned football player, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman spent his adolescent years playing competitive tournaments, where he received awards for his outstanding performances.
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman married Begum Fazilatunnesa at the age of 18. Together they had three sons and two daughters.
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was elected as the General Secretary of Islamia College Students Union. During this time, in the run up to the partition of India, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman played an active role in creating awareness against communal discords and riots in Bengal.
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman took admission in the Department of Law at University of Dhaka and on January 4 established the East Pakistan Muslim Students League. ... He was arrested for organizing the “Shorbo-dolio Rashtrobhasha Shongram Parishad” (an all-party coalition movement) on March 11, demanding Bangla as the State Language and was held in prison for 5 days. He also started a movement aimed at realising the rights of the fourth-class employees of the University of Dhaka, and was arrested again on September 11, and was expelled.
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was released from prison on January 21. ... Immediately after his release, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman reinitiated his protests to realise the rights of the fourth-class employees. He was arrested again, but on January 23, the "East Pakistan Awami Muslim League" was established and Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was elected as the General Secretary whilst in prison.
On January 26, the then Prime Minister of Pakistan Khawaja Nazimuddin declared Urdu as the only state language. While in captivity, ... Sheikh Mujibur Rahman stayed in constant touch with those waging the movement to realize Bangla as the state language. He issued key directives to make the movement a success even from the confines of his prison. On February 14, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman started a hunger strike in prison and seven days later on February 21, the student society came out in strike to establish Bangla as the state language in defiance of the curfew enforced by the authorities. Salam, Barkat, Rafiq, Shafiur and many others were martyred when the police fired on the procession. In a statement released from jail, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman expressed deep sorrow for those who lost their lives and protesting the unjust police actions, went on a hunger strike for 17 straight days.
In a special session of erstwhile East Pakistan Awami Muslim League on October 21, the word "Muslim" was unanimously removed from the name of the party in order to make it more inclusive for people of all religions.
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was reelected as the General Secretary of the party. On September 16, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman joined the “Jukto Front” coalition government ... and received the responsibility of the ministries of industries, trade, labor, anti-corruption and rural assistance simultaneously. He resigned from the cabinet on May 30, 1957, to dedicate his full attention and energy completely for the party.
On January 25, at a special meeting held at the residence of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Awami League’s activities were revived. In this meeting, proposals containing the people’s right to vote in a parliamentary government system were accepted. ... In the same meeting, Maulana Abdur Rashid Tarkabagish and Sheikh Mujibur Rahman were elected President and General Secretary of the party respectively. On March 11, the All-Party “Sramik Parishad” was formed under the leadership of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. The Riot Resistance Committee was formed against the communal riots also under his leadership. After the riots, he took the initiative to prepare for a united movement against the then military dictator of Pakistan, General Ayub Khan. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was arrested 14 days before the presidential election.
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman presented the historic 6-point demand in a national conference of opposition parties in Lahore on February 5. ... The 6-point was the roadmap for the greater autonomy and ultimately independence for the people of East Pakistan. In order to gain support for his 6-point demand, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman travelled far and wide across the country. He was repeatedly arrested in various districts during his tours. For the first three months of 1966 alone, he was arrested 8 times.
On January 3, the Government of Pakistan filed the ‘Agartala Conspiracy Case’ accusing Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and 35 others of conspiracy to secede East Pakistan. ... Mass movement spread across the country demanding the release of all the accused including Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. On June 19, the trial began at Dhaka Cantonment under intense scrutiny.
The 'Agartala Conspiracy Case' resulted in a nationwide student movement and mass upsurge demanding the withdrawal of the case and the release of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. ... Owing to continued public demonstrations, the central government on February 22 was forced to withdraw the Agartala Conspiracy Case and release Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and the others. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was officially awarded the title 'Bangabandhu' at a reception of a million students in a rally organized by the Central Student Sangram Parishad at the Race Course Maidan (Renamed: Suhrawardy Udyan) on February 23. On December 5, the death anniversary of Shaheed Suhrawardy, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman named East Bengal as 'Bangladesh' during an Awami League meeting.
In the run up to the much awaited national election, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman campaigned for the Awami League on the basis of the 6-point demand. ... He chose 'boat' as the symbol to represent Awami League and the nation's hope. When a million people died in a catastrophic cyclone in the coastal areas, on November 12, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman suspended the election campaign and rushed to the affected areas. Awami League achieved an absolute majority in the general elections on December 7, winning 167 of 169 seats of the National Assembly in East Pakistan and 288 of the 300 seats of the Provincial Council.
Following General Yahya Khan’s decision to not call into session the National Assembly, the aspirations for freedom of the Bengalis reached a new impetus. From March 1 onward, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was virtually running East Pakistan as its de-facto head of government. ... On March 7, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman delivered his historic speech at the Race Course Maidan, considered to be his roadmap for the country’s independence. In this context, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and General Yahya Khan held a series of meetings in Dhaka between March 16 and March 24, none of which brought about any resolution. After the discussions ended on March 25, Yahya Khan left Dhaka in the evening. On the night of March 25, the Pakistani army launched its heinous nine-month long campaign of genocide against the unarmed Bengalis. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman declared the independence of Bangladesh in the early hours of March 26.
The Government of Pakistan was forced to release Sheikh Mujibur Rahman under international pressure on January 8. On that very day, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman traveled to London on his way to Dhaka. ... There, at a crowded press conference at his hotel in London, he spoke to the world press and on January 9, met the British Prime Minister, Edward Heath. Prior to returning to Dhaka, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman stopped over at Delhi, where the Indian President V. V. Giri and Prime Minister Indira Gandhi welcomed him with grace. When the Father of the Nation reached Dhaka on January 10, millions of grateful citizens of the newest country in the world welcomed him with open arms. He went straight from the airport to the Race Course Maidan now renamed Suhrawardy Udyan, where he addressed the free people of his nation for the first time. On January 12, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman took charge as the Prime Minister of Bangladesh and embarked on the reconstruction of a war-ravaged country.
Bangladesh received official recognition on becoming the 136th member of the United Nations on September 17. ... On September 25, at the 29th General Assembly of the United Nations, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman delivered his speech, which is the first speech delivered at the UN in Bangla.
In the pre-dawn hours of August 15, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was assassinated by a handful of renegades backed by a larger national and international political conspiracy. ... They murdered in cold blood every member of his family except Sheikh Hasina and Sheikh Rehana, who by fortune alone were abroad at that time. Bangladesh observes August 15 as the National Mourning Day.